Namaz is a very important part of Deen-e- Islam and there is a Riwayat that if ones Namaz is
accepted all his acts of worship will be accepted and if ones Namaz is not accepted all his acts of worship will be rejected. Hence it is compulsory on every one of us to make sure that we pray Namaz in a way which is accepted by God Almighty. Tashahud in Namaz is a very important
part of it .
Tashahud is standing witness to or giving testimony. All other sects of Islam / Muslims have consensus on tashahud as they all agree that be it Kalma or Azaan, Aqamah or Tashahud in every place only 2 testimonies i.e.
testifying the oneness of God & Prophet hood of Hazrat Mohammad ( pbuh & hp ) is enough, whereas Shias believe that the main difference between Shi’ ism and other sects is the acceptance of Wilayat-e- Moula Ali so whereever we give the first 2 testimonies ( i.e. Touheed & Risalat ) we should immediately give the 3rd testimony, the wilayat of Moula Ali and all shias believe that the Third testimony ( Ali un wali ullah ) is just as necessary as the first 2 testimonies. Unfortunately, since a few years because of the ignorance of Shias towards the orders of Quran and Holy Traditions of Aimma , just like other muslims we too have stopped reciting the Third Shahadat and have restricted ourselves to only 2 testimonies in Namaz. Our ignorance towards the orders of Quran and Ahadith
results in our shias raising questions and objections on the very basis of our sect i.e. Ali un wali ullah. Even though there are many books dedicated to prove the necessity of recitation of Ali un Wali Ullah in Namaz but the fact is that firstly these books are not in reach of everyone as they are
either in Arabic, Farsi or Urdu and many shias are not familiar with either of the languages, secondly our lives have become so hectic that we don’t even get enough time for our selves let alone reading such big and lengthy
books. This is the reason why we decided to compile this article with some undeniable proofs while keeping it as short as we possibly can.
We have to bear this in mind that just because something is not practiced at present time it does not mean that it is not a part of our act of worship. We all know that so many things have been changed in Namaz that it is now a very big problem between different sects of Muslims as they all have different ways to pray Namaz so accepting Namaz as it is practiced today cannot be justified without trying hard to find out the things which were originally part of Namaz but were struck off sometime back by the enemies of
Islam in a well planned and organized manner. We have to look and seek further deep down inside it if specially something is regarding the Wilayat of Moula Ali as we surely know that this was the very things that the
rulers have tried their level best to eradicate and there was a time when just taking the name of Moula Ali was enough to be killed by the tyrant rulers and their equally tyrant lobby. Thinking about such a time we have
to consider that how could anyone testify the wilayat of Ameer ul Momineen Ali ibn – e – Abi Talib openly and loudly? Majority of people during those times used to do ‘ Taqayya ‘ just to save themselves from harm. This
period of Taqayya was so prolonged that Ali un wali ullah disappeared even from the thoughts of Shias themselves. Even our Aimma refrained from openly teaching the Kalma which included Ali un Wali ullah to general public
but instead used to teach the complete Kalma to some trustworthy companions only who would then convey it to the lovers of Ahlul Bait . Hence in the Book Usool Al Kafi there is a tradition ( Hadith ) of Imam Mohammad
Baqar which says “ If we would have fixed the tashahud of Namaz , our followers and lovers ( Mawalis ) would have been killed “ . Hence if the recitation of Ali un Wali ullah in Tashahud is not practiced today it should
not be taken for granted but instead we should try and see if it was practiced earlier and if we could find the proofs in Saqalain ( Quran & Ahadith of Aimma ). We should all try and find out the answers to the following questions which come to our mind regarding the Third Shahadat in
Does our faith and logic ( Aql ) allow us to recite Ali un Wali ullah in Tashahud of Namaz ?
Has Quran ever Ordered us to recite the third Shahadat ?
Are there any Ahadith ( Traditions of Aimma [as]) to support the recitation ?
How did Rasool-e-Khuda ( pbuh & hp ) and our Imam used to recite Tashahud ?
What does the Fuqahas ( Islamic Clergy / Scholars) say about Third Shahadat ?
Now let us try and shed some light on each of the Questions separately :
Aql ( reasoning )
Normally at present time we only give 2 testimonies i.e. of Touheed & Risalat. In Arabic 2 testimonies are called Shahadatain whereas if the testimonies are at least 3 or more the word used in Arabic is Shahad’aat.
The word Shahadatain ( 2 testimonies ) cannot be found any where in Quran but the word Shahad’aat can be seen in Quran and that too in the context of Namaz. But if someone still refuses to stand witness to at least 3
testimonies , would that not be rejecting Quranic order ?
Surah Al Maida : Quran said “ Al Youma Akmalto Lakum Deenakum…… “ This Ayat was revealed on the day of Ghadeer and the word “ Al youm “ signifies that
on one special day one special thing happened which completed the deen ‘ Islam ‘ . The history stands witness that the thing that happened on that day was the announcement of Wilayat of Moula Ali . If we look at the aayaats that were sent before announcing the completion of Deen Islam we will notice that the order from God Almighty to convey this message was so strict that if this announcement was not made the Risalat of Rasool-e-Khuda ( pbuh & hp ) would have been in danger. If Rasool-e-Khuda (pbuh & hp ) would not have announced the Wilayat of Moula Ali could his Risalat be saved? Could the Deen Islam be saved without this announcement ? Is Namaz not included in Deen ? Thus, if without testifying and announcing this Shahadat the Risalat of our Holy Prophet (pbuh & hp) was incomplete, The Deen Islam was incomplete – How can the prayers ( Namaz ) of anyone be
complete without it ?
Who doesn’t know that Tashahud is a part of Namaz (Prayers ) and the Namaz, which tashahud is a part of – Shaikh Mufeed says in his book “ Al Ikhtesas “ and other Ulemas in their own books quote from Imam Mohd Baqar
– Imam says ‘ Namaz is Ameer ul Momineen ‘At quite many places it is quoted from Moula Ali (as)this saying “ Ana Salat ul Momin “ I am the Salat ( Namaz ) of Momin.
Is there any logic to exclude the testimony of some one who himself is “Namaz “ ?
Surah Al Muarij – Ayat 33 to 35
” And those who are upright in their testimonies (Shahad’aat), And those who keep a guard on their prayer, Those shall be in gardens, honoured”
It is important to note here that the word Shahad’aat ( Plural ) in Arabic is only used for at least 3 testimonies – It cannot be used for 2 testimonies , For 2 testimonies the word in Arabic is ‘ Shahadatain ‘
In the above Ayat-e-Quran God Almighty is describing the glories of people who testifies 3 Shahad’aat in their Namaz and safeguards their prayers ( Namaz ).
Surah Fatir – Ayat 10
[Shakir 35:10] Whoever desires honor, then to Allah belongs the honor wholly. To Him do ascend the good words ( Al Kelam Al Tayyab ); and the good
deeds, lift them up, and (as for) those who plan evil deeds, they shall have a severe chastisement; and (as for) their plan, it shall perish.
In the above ayat of Quran the word used is “Al Kalem Al Tayyab” which is again in plural form (Sega-e-Jama) and as mentioned above in Arabic the plural form like this is only only used for Three or more. So the usage of
“Al Kalem Al Tayyab” or the The Purified (3 or More) Kalamas clearly indicates that the Kalma which reaches and is accepted by God Almighty consists of Three or more Kalma. Now if we see that majority of Muslims including some Shias only recite Two Kalmas (Kalma-e-Tauheed &
Kalma-e-Risalat) in Tashahud, allow me to say that this type of Kalama does not reach or is not accepted by God Almighty as he only accepts the shahadat
(witness) which consists of 3 or more Kalmas.
Now lets see how Imam Jafar e Sadiq explains the words “Al Kalem Al Tayyab”
Tafseer Ayashi – Tafseer Saafi etc
Our Imam said “Al Kalem Al Tayyab means the act of momin whereby he recites La illaha illallah – Mohammedun Rasool Allah and Ali un Wali ullah”
The above is an absolutely clear and undeniable proof that we should all recite Ali un Wali ullah not just in Kalma, Aazaan and Aqamah as compulsory part but also in (Tashahud) Namaz as an integral part.
TRADITIONS ( AHADITH ) :
In Tanveerul Eemaan by Shaikh Yaqoob Al Kulainy : Quotes a tradition from Rasool-e-Khuda ( pbuh & hp ) “ God instructed Hazrat Mohammad Mustafa when the Prophet (pbuh & hp ) was returning from Mairaj : God said ‘ inform this to your Ummat that Ali Wali ullah is Waseela between you and me so do not leave him. And remember that neither your Azaan will be complete without it nor Aqamat or Namaz or Roza or Haj or Zakat and not even your birth or death without mentioning Ali un Wali ullah.
Book Shajar-e-Touba Published from Najaf – Iraq : – Utba bin Amir Jehni companion of Holy Prophet ( pbuh & hp ) narrates :- We did the ‘ Bait ‘ of Rasool-e-Khuda ( pbuh & hp ) on these lines : Ash hado anna La illaha illalla wa Ash hado Anna Mohammedan Nabiye’hi wa an Ali’in Wasi’yehi : and if we reject any one of these testimonies we will become Kafir.
In the book Muqadmah Mishkat ul Anwar – Imam Ali ibn-e-Abi Talib says “ The one who does not accept/ testify my Wilayat will not get any benefit from
accepting/ testifying Mohammad’s ( pbuh & hp ) Risalat – Be aware both these testimonies are compulsory with each other “
Ehtejaj-e-Tibrisi – Volume 1 : Imam Jaffar As Sadiq ( as ) says “ Thus when ever one says La ilaha illalla and Mohammedan Rasool Allah, he must immediately say Ali is Ameer ul Momineen Wali Ullah “
The point to note in the above tradition of Imam Jaffar As Sadiq is that our Imam has not restricted the order which means that WE HAVE TO recite Ali un Wali ullah when ever and where ever we recite the first 2
Book Imali Suddook : Imam Ali Raza says “ God Almighty has said that he will NOT ACCEPT anyone’s acts of worship unless he stands witness to Moula Ali ’s Wilayat with Prophet’s ( pbuh & hp ) Risalat.”
Here we should note that isn’t Namaz an act of worship ? If it is, then how can it be excluded from the order of Imam Ali Raza in the above tradition ( Hadith ) .
QUOTE(forgeforth @ Apr 19 2006, 04:42 PM)
I guess if you do the taqleed of someone who says so, then thats up to you.
However, pretty much the seasoned scholars that I’m aware of – none allows it.
In fact, my understanding is that none considers it to even be part of Azaan…
(Even though they believe it could be recited [in Azaan] but only with intention of separation).
Names of marja e taqleed given…………
Now let us see if our beloved Rasool-e-Khuda ( pbuh & hp ) and our 14 Masoomeen used to recite the Third Shahadat ( Ali un Wali ullah ) in
their Namaz :
NAMAZ OF RASOOL-E-KHUDA ( pbuh & hp )
Surah Bani Israel “( O Prophet Mohammad ) Do not recite your prayers loudly nor say it under your breath; seek a course in between. (110) “
In : Tafseer Ayashi – Tafseer Saafi – Tafseer Burhan – Tafseer Noor as Saqalain Tafseer Basair Ad Darajaat etc etc : Narrated from Imam Mohammad Baqar
: Imam says that the testimony of Wilayat-e-Ali should not be given loudly until God Almighty Orders it but do not hide it from Imam Ali .Hence Holy Prophet ( pbuh & hp ) kept asking God Almighty for the permission
and on the day of Gadeer-e-Khum Holy Prophet ( pbuh & hp ) got the permission to announce it loudly “
The Above Ayat and its Tafseer as done by Imam Mohammad Baqar proves that Rasool-e-Khuda used to testify the Wilayat of Moula Ali slowly and
quietly until the day of Gadeer after which Rasool -e- Khuda started saying the Third Shahadat loudly.
NAMAZ OF IMAM JAFFAR AS SADIQ
Bihar ul Anwar Volume 84 – Tradition ( Hadith ) of Imam Jaffar As Sadiq .Imam Jaffar As Sadiq used to recite the Tashahud of his Namaz like this :
“ Ash Hado Annaka Ne’amar Rab wa ash hado Annaka Mohammedan Ne’amar Rasool wa ash hado Annaka Ali ibn-e-Abi Talib Ne’amal Moula “
NAMAZ OF IMAM ALI RAZA
FIQAH AR RAZA : Imam Ali Raza used to recite this sentence in his Tashahud
“ Ash Hado Annaka Ne’amar Rab wa an Mohammedan Ne’amar Rasool wa an Ali’in Ne’amal Wali“
YAA ALI a.s HAQ…..